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Depending on their severity, some brain injuries can cause lasting effects. Along with physical issues, mental and emotional issues can also occur. Not only are these issues hard for the brain injury victim to navigate, they can also take a toll on the person’s family. The following are a few of the effects that may occur, and what can be done to mitigate them. 


Certain areas of the brain regulate the expression of emotions, and when they are damaged angry outbursts are more likely to arise. Anger and irritability may also result from other brain injury effects. For example, a person may be frustrated by their lack of mobility or slow progress during physical therapy. Understanding triggers for irritability and anticipating them can help the person lower stress. 


Depression is characterized by persistent sadness, while anxiety can manifest in panic attacks or general nervousness. In either case, the person experiencing these symptoms will require professional assistance. Behavioral therapy can be beneficial for overcoming anxiety and depression, while certain medications can help control symptoms. Making certain lifestyle changes, such as exercising, eating right, and limiting alcohol intake, can also be beneficial. 

Mood swings 

After a brain injury, changes in mood may occur without any real cause or reason. A person may experience intense happiness and sadness over a short period of time, which can make it difficult to maintain emotional stability with friends and family. Both family and the brain injury victim can benefit from counseling in this case. The person experiencing mood swings will learn coping mechanisms, while their family members will learn how to lessen their impact. For example, redirecting a person’s attention to another topic may be effective.